Mammals

Mammals have hair, warm blood and feed milk to their young.

There are mammals on land, in water and on air. Bats are mammals because they have hair, warm blood and feed milk to their young. Bats have wings but unlike birds, bats have 5 fingers. 4 fingers developed wings and the other finger is used for holding on to walls.

There are marine mammals too like Dolphins for example. Dolphins are warm blooded and feed milk to their young.

Most mammals live on land like us humans. Mammals blood always have the same temperature whether its cold or hot.

Hair is what keeps us warm during the winter.

Mammals give birth to babies when its fully developed inside them.

Atmosphere

Earth has 5 layers of atmosphere, troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere and the exosphere.

The higher altitude you go the thinner the air gets.

Troposphere is known as the weather layer because weather occur on this layer.

Stratosphere is where the air begins to get cold. The higher altitude you go the colder the air gets. Ozone layer is on the stratosphere. Ozone is a gas that protects us from too much solar radiation.

Mesosphere is the layer where meteors disintegrate from friction.

Thermosphere is the hottest layer of the atmosphere. Charged particles form on the thermosphere called ionosphere.

Exosphere is the thinnest atmosphere there is. The sky is blue because the gases in the exosphere scatter. Light has different wavelength and each wavelength has a color. Blue is the color that gets through the exosphere so thats why the sky is blue.

Food Web and Light

Today I watched Bill Nye about food web and light.

Basically, everything we eat comes from plant.

All food  comes from plants. Meat like cows and pigs eat plants to survive. Humans like you and me eat the meat and gain the nutrients that the meat has.

Food Web is a consumer system. Take an apple tree for example, the tree gets food through photosynthesis. The tree produces apples, the apples are consumed by animals like pigs. The pigs gain nutrients from the apple and we humans eat the pig and gain nutrients.

Plants are called producers because they produce food from the sun. Humans and animals are called consumers because we eat the plants and other animals for nutrients.

Light

Refraction happens when light is bent by a piece of plastic or glass. This happens because light travels through solid things at different speeds. There are a few kinds of lights. Natural light is like the sun or a bonfire. Light can also be produced by chemical reactions like a light bulb and the light of an angler fish. 

A telescope is an example of light refraction. A telescope has a few mirrors inside. The light bounces off the mirrors and into your eyes retina.

Putting a straw in a glass of water causes the light to bend. If you look at a curved mirror you will see the opposite of your reflection.

Light can change color when it hits a prism.The light is refracted and the light bends in different angles.

Volcanoes, Geysers and Gravity

I watched a bunch of Bill Nye videos. I watched about volcanoes, geysers and gravity.

Let’s start with volcanoes, volcanoes contain magma. Magma is made of melted rock from the Mantle. Magma comes out of a volcano when it erupts. The magma cools down and turns back to solid rock. Open volcanoes release magma when it erupts. Closed volcanoes release poisonous gas when it erupts.

A geyser is almost the same as a volcano only it spits out boiling hot water. The water is coming from an underground water source. it is heated by the earth’s mantle and when enough pressure is built it spits it upwards.

Gravity is a force that pulls everything to the center of the earth. Gravity was discovered by Galileo Galilei. He tested the theory be dropping a cannon ball and an apple from the top of the tower of Pisa. The  cannon ball and the apple hit the ground at the same time.

 

Electric Circuit

September 18, 2015

Dad handed me a small packet from TED. Inside there are items to create an electric circuit.  It contained small LED light bulbs, a battery and silver threads.

In order to make an electric circuit you need a power source, a load and wires.

items

I connected the threads to the battery by tightly tying one end on the battery and the other on the bulb. I did this twice, one for the positive side and the other for the negative side of the battery.

Done!

Vacation at Baguio

January 12, 2015

We left home at 5 a.m. and we were on our way to Baguio.

I was traveling with my Mom, Dad my siblings, my uncle and the driver Tony.

We passed by herds of cows and horses. There were massive farms, lots of trees and hills.

Baguio is located at Cordillera Administrative Region in the province of Benguet. It was found in 1900 and has 129 barangays. Baguio City is known for its chilly weather and people call it the Summer Capital. The city became the center of education and center of business commerce.

The people who live in Baguio look relaxed because of the chilly weather.

Day 1

The trip was 5 hours long and I was listening to Pewdiepie podcasts the entire trip. There were lots of bumps and curves on the road and the hill is really tall.

We finally made it to Azalea residence where we were staying. While waiting at the lobby the bartender gave us four season drinks for free. We checked in and set our luggage down and sorted our stuff.

We left the room and we drove to Cafe by the Ruins “Dua”. I ordered Bagnet Sinigang for lunch and I was splitting it with Kuya Tony.

The bagnet was a bit crunchy and the soup was sour. The sinigang comes with a cup of red rice and sadly they don’t serve shrimp paste. The serving is enough for 2 people and the view from the balcony is terrible.

We went back to the hotel to brush our teeth. We rested for a while before we head out to go horse back riding.

The costs for horse back rides are P250 for 30 minutes and P300 for an hour. We only wanted to try it out so we purchased the 30 minute ride.  The horse that I was riding on was Jack. The men training the horses taught us how to control a horse. To turn to the left you simply move the leash to the left, same goes for the other side.  To stop the horse you have to pull the leash and to start walking just nudge him using your foot.

We went wall climbing after the riding the horse. The price was P150 for wall climbing, P200 for target practice and P250 for paintball fight.

My brother, my sister and I went wall climbing. The staff helped us equip the harness and took photographs. I was able to reach the top and ring the bell but my 2 siblings were not able to.

Wall climbing is really fun and challenging. After climbing we went to Le Chef at The Manor for dinner.

They serve free bread and they have an area for pastries and wine. I ordered  baby back ribs with rice and pickled cucumber. The serving has 1 cup of rice and 5 ribs. The ribs taste ordinary and there’s nothing special about the sauce.

Day 2

We went down to the hotel’s buffet called Tradisyon. They have a pastry side, an egg station and they have the basic kind of food like bacon, tapa, cereal and lots more.

After eating breakfast we went back to the room and watched television all day. We didn’t leave the room because, my mom and my young sisters had stomach ache.

Me my dad and my uncle left and went out to buy lunch at Zio’s pizzeria. We ordered combo meals, pasta, chicken and pizza. The pizza we ordered is the All in One Pizza. The pizza has all the toppings on it and it’s big.  We were not able to finish every thing so we had leftover pizza.

For dinner we went to O Mai Khan. I ordered the Mongolian Buffet for P230.

On a bowl you put the meat, vegetables and sauce. They have pork, beef, chicken and pork liver for the meat. The vegetables are bean sprouts, beans, carrots, sayote, bell pepper, cabbage, lettuce and tomatoes. The final ingredients are the sauces, they have spicy, sweet, salty and sour sauces.

I tasted every sauce and I really like the idea of separating every ingredient and choosing it yourself.

Day 3

We ate breakfast at the same buffet and we went to the strawberry farm to go strawberry picking. The strawberry costs for P400 per kilo because they’re expecting you to eat the strawberries as you pick them.

They are also selling strawberry jam, honey, bags and lots more souvenirs. We bought honey, strawberry jam, a bag and a shawl to bring home.

We went back to the hotel and started packing our stuff. We checked out and put the luggage in the car and drove back home. I listened to more Pewdiepie Podcasts as I looked out the window and said to my self goodbye Baguio.

My favorite part about Baguio was the wall climbing because it’s fun and challenging.

Ayala Museum

We arrived at Ayala Triangle 3 hours before the Ayala light show started. We didn’t want to waste time so we went to Ayala Museum. The cost of a ticket per head is P225 for a Philippine resident. For students, the price is P125. For teachers, the ticket is complimentary. There are 4 floors. Each floor has a category. The 4th floor holds the gold and the pots and jars. The 3rd floor holds all the paintings. The 2nd floor holds the dioramas about   Philippine history. The ground floor is where the counter, entrance and exit is located.

We watched a film about how, where and when gold was found.

I learned how our ancestors scavenged the rivers for small pieces of gold. They smelted gold to get rid of the rocks and sand on it. They let the gold cool before forging it into artifacts. Some were forged into armor and some were forged into rings, amulets, bowls and even hilts.

It’s amazing how our ancestors designed the golden artifacts by hand.

The others pound the gold until it’s as thin as a paper and they cut it into thin strands of thread to turn it into necklaces.

The item that’s really fascinating is the Golden Belt. It’s made of thin strands of gold thread with golden beads and put together to make a belt.

There are clay and ceramic pots, plates and jars that were used as currency for trading.

There are about 60 dioramas about Philippine history in the museum.

The first people who walked on our islands are known as the “Tabon”. They made tools and weapons using elephant tusks and sticks. They made spears and knives with the tusks and made arrows using the bones.

They live in caves where it’s warm and dry. When someone died they put the body in a coffin made of wood and the coffins are stored in a different cave.

Decades have passed and the Chinese set foot on our islands and started a trading system. Our ancestors used pearls and food for trading and the Chinese used silk and jars.

Our ancestors discovered iron in the late 500 B.C. and started to make tools and weapons. They forged better tools and weapons and the results are better houses and easier hunting. They started to make cannons using bamboo and stone balls for ammo.

Ferdinand Magellan came to Philippines on March 16, 1521. He wanted to conquer the islands because he wanted to expand the Spanish territory and culture. He named the islands Las islas de San Lázaro.

The first mass was held at March 31, 1521. Magellan conquered many parts of the islands like Leyte and Cebu.

Magellan came to Mactan and had a meeting with Lapulapu the Raha of Mactan. Magellan wanted to give Lapulapu a tribute for the island. Lapulapu refused and that started The Battle of Mactan.

Magellan was shot by a poisonous arrow on his leg. He was cut on his arm and he bled to death. When Magellan died the other Spaniards retreated but most didn’t get far.

Magellan brought 4 ships with him to Mactan. The names of the ships are San Antonio, Conception, Santiago and Victoria.

The only ship that got back to Spain from Mactan is the ship Victoria. The ship Victoria returned to Spain on September 6, 1522.

The Japanese came to Philippines on December 1941. The Americans joined us to fight against the Japanese. Even with the Americans on our side we still lost. 80,000 people we’re captured by the japanese and formed the Death March. 10,000 Filipinos and 1,200 Americans died walking to a prison camp 105 km to the north.

A resistance called the Guerrilla fought the Japanese for a long time. The resistance kept pushed the japanese to manila and the japanese surrendered. The war lasted for almost 4 years and about 1 million people died.

That’s all I learned that day. I had a blast and it was fun see you guys next time.