Ayala Museum

We arrived at Ayala Triangle 3 hours before the Ayala light show started. We didn’t want to waste time so we went to Ayala Museum. The cost of a ticket per head is P225 for a Philippine resident. For students, the price is P125. For teachers, the ticket is complimentary. There are 4 floors. Each floor has a category. The 4th floor holds the gold and the pots and jars. The 3rd floor holds all the paintings. The 2nd floor holds the dioramas about   Philippine history. The ground floor is where the counter, entrance and exit is located.

We watched a film about how, where and when gold was found.

I learned how our ancestors scavenged the rivers for small pieces of gold. They smelted gold to get rid of the rocks and sand on it. They let the gold cool before forging it into artifacts. Some were forged into armor and some were forged into rings, amulets, bowls and even hilts.

It’s amazing how our ancestors designed the golden artifacts by hand.

The others pound the gold until it’s as thin as a paper and they cut it into thin strands of thread to turn it into necklaces.

The item that’s really fascinating is the Golden Belt. It’s made of thin strands of gold thread with golden beads and put together to make a belt.

There are clay and ceramic pots, plates and jars that were used as currency for trading.

There are about 60 dioramas about Philippine history in the museum.

The first people who walked on our islands are known as the “Tabon”. They made tools and weapons using elephant tusks and sticks. They made spears and knives with the tusks and made arrows using the bones.

They live in caves where it’s warm and dry. When someone died they put the body in a coffin made of wood and the coffins are stored in a different cave.

Decades have passed and the Chinese set foot on our islands and started a trading system. Our ancestors used pearls and food for trading and the Chinese used silk and jars.

Our ancestors discovered iron in the late 500 B.C. and started to make tools and weapons. They forged better tools and weapons and the results are better houses and easier hunting. They started to make cannons using bamboo and stone balls for ammo.

Ferdinand Magellan came to Philippines on March 16, 1521. He wanted to conquer the islands because he wanted to expand the Spanish territory and culture. He named the islands Las islas de San Lázaro.

The first mass was held at March 31, 1521. Magellan conquered many parts of the islands like Leyte and Cebu.

Magellan came to Mactan and had a meeting with Lapulapu the Raha of Mactan. Magellan wanted to give Lapulapu a tribute for the island. Lapulapu refused and that started The Battle of Mactan.

Magellan was shot by a poisonous arrow on his leg. He was cut on his arm and he bled to death. When Magellan died the other Spaniards retreated but most didn’t get far.

Magellan brought 4 ships with him to Mactan. The names of the ships are San Antonio, Conception, Santiago and Victoria.

The only ship that got back to Spain from Mactan is the ship Victoria. The ship Victoria returned to Spain on September 6, 1522.

The Japanese came to Philippines on December 1941. The Americans joined us to fight against the Japanese. Even with the Americans on our side we still lost. 80,000 people we’re captured by the japanese and formed the Death March. 10,000 Filipinos and 1,200 Americans died walking to a prison camp 105 km to the north.

A resistance called the Guerrilla fought the Japanese for a long time. The resistance kept pushed the japanese to manila and the japanese surrendered. The war lasted for almost 4 years and about 1 million people died.

That’s all I learned that day. I had a blast and it was fun see you guys next time.

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It’s Jose Rizal Day today

I’m writing this blog because it’s Jose Rizal Day today.

I’ll tell you all I know about Dr. Jose Rizal.

Who is Jose Rizal?
Jose Rizal is our national hero.

When and where was he born?
He was born on June 19, 1861 at Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines. He was the seventh child of Teodora Alonzo y Quintos. He has 1 brother and 9 sisters.

Why was he famous?
Dr. Jose Rizal was famous because he is our national hero and he is a doctor. He was killed by a Spaniard firing squad. He died on Dec. 30, 1896. The Spaniards thought Jose Rizal was going to escape so they shot him.

What is El Filibisterismo about?
El Filibisterismo is the novel that Dr. Jose Rizal wrote. The novel’s language is Spanish.  The characters in the novel represent the different classes of people in his time.

  • Simoun is disguising himself as a rich jeweler.
  • Basilio the eldest son of Sisa.
  • Isagani is Basilio’s best friend.
  • Paulita Gomez is Isagani’s girlfriend.
  • Macaraig is Isagani’s classmate in UST.
  • Father Florentino is a priest and Isagani’s Godfather.
  • Juli is Kabesang Tales’s youngest daughter and Basilo’s girlfriend.
  • Maria Clara is Crisostomo’s girlfriend and was chosen to be a nun.
  • Captain Tiago is Maria’s step father and Basilo’s foster father.
  • Father Bernardo Salvi is a parish priest.
  • Father Millon is a Physics teacher of UST.
We should all thank Dr. Jose Rizal , Andres Bonifacio and all the other Filipino heroes  for driving the Spaniards away and  helping gain our freedom.
If Jose Rizal were  alive today and comes over for dinner, I’ll make him a  Dinuguan and Puto dish  because it’s a delicious Filipino dish.

The Mathematics of Cooking

Out of complete boredom a few months back, I asked my fellow contestant from Junior Masterchef if he liked math. He said he hated it. I tried to explain that  if he wanted to be a good chef, he had to learn math. Irritated, he told me to be quiet, though in harsher terms, and I left the subject. Then my father told me to write about  the mathematics of cooking.  I guess he wants me to love  math as I do cooking. So here goes…

One time , I cooked steak for my family. It turned out, it was really salty. Mom said I did not use the right proportion of salt to the weight of the meat. Ignoring mathematics in the kitchen could destroy your dish.

These are some of the math concepts that come in handy :

  1. Measurements
  2. Fractions
  3. Addition
  4. Subtraction
  5. Multiplication
  6. Division
  7. Time
  8. Weight
  9. Ratio and Proportion
  10. Approximates

Here’s my first attempt at using math in cooking. One Friday, our charity, The Healthy Kidchen ,  were going to cook sweet plantains for recess. We were going to feed 50 kids at Holy Spirit Elementary School in Bgy. Holy Spirit .

We found a recipe for 1 serving of sweet plantains:

4 pieces plantains (saging na saba)
3/4 cup brown sugar
1 1/2 cups water
1 teaspoon vanilla extract
1/4 teaspoon salt

Problem:  I need to cook for 50 kids. Each kid will receive 2 plantains. The recipe is made for 4 plantains a serving. So what do I need to do?

Requirement: 50 servings ; 2 plantains per serving

Solution:

  1. I multiplied 50 by 2 to get 100 plantains, that we need to buy.
  2. I divided the 100 plantains by 4 (because the recipe makes one serving with 4 plantains). So that makes 25 the multiplier for each quantity of ingredients.
  3. I multiplied the 3/4 cups brown sugar by 25. That makes approximately 19 cups of brown sugar.
  4. I multiplied 1 1/2 cups water by 25. That makes 37 1/2 cups of water.
  5. I multiplied 1 teaspoon vanilla extract by 25. That makes 25 teaspoons of vanilla extract.
  6. I multiplied 1/4 teaspoon salt by 25. That makes 6 1/4 teaspoons of salt.
  7. This makes 25 servings of 4 plantains each, or in proportion, 50 servings of 2 plantains each.

Procedure:

1. Peel the plantains. Slice plantains diagonally.

2. Boil the water in a cooking pot.

3. Add brown sugar and stir until diluted.

4. Add salt and vanilla extract and mix well.

5. Put in the plantains and adjust the heat to medium. Cover the cooking pot and simmer for 8 to 12 minutes or until the liquid thickens.

6. Turn-off heat and allow the plantains to cool.

7. Transfer to a serving plate and serve.

Mathematical concepts used

  1. Ratio and Propotion
  2. Fraction
  3. Multiplication
  4. Division
  5. Approximate

Here are the results:

Some very happy kids =)

Math + cooking = Some very happy kids